Colon or the large intestine usually remains expanded due to the presence of fecal material and air. When either of these is absent from the colon, and there’s nothing to keep it in its expanded condition, the colon collapses. In most cases, the cause of the collapse of the colon is the occurrence of bowel obstruction in the small intestine. The diagnosis often involves performing X-ray and CT scans of the abdomen to detect any small intestines’ dilations.
The treatment involves eliminating this obstruction; however, the treatment may be surgical or conservative depending on how severe the condition is. The colon’s collapse tends to produce several symptoms that cause discomforts, such as developing severe cramps in the abdominal area, nausea, fever, and several others. While many of these symptoms are not specific to collapse of the colon or intestinal blockage, these are often inquired over before a more advanced diagnosis. This article will tell you about Collapsed Colon Symptoms: Its Causes And How Do You Fix It? Let us discuss it in detail.
What Causes The Colon To Collapse?
The colon, in its normal condition, contains air and fecal material, which keeps it expanded. However, blockages or any other factors can have the large intestine empty, leaving it with no stool or air inside. You need to keep in mind various things to keep your body parts healthy and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Bowel obstruction is a really common cause of collapsing of the colon and is often diagnosed with X-ray scans. Any bowel obstructions in the small intestine can block air and fecal material into the colon or the large intestine. However, the colon continues to empty itself with its normal contractions but does not manage to receive anything beyond the blockage to fill it back up. Such obstructions can be caused by several different factors and conditions, including swallowing of indigestible objects, stoppage of peristalsis, diseases affecting the intestines walls, and various others. This results in the colon’s collapsing due to the absence of any air or bowel to keep it filled and expanded.
Collapsing of the colon can also occur due to several different reasons, such as the following:
⦁ Carcinoma of the cecum or initial segment of colon. The dangerous tumor may cause a blockage. After the substance beneath the deterrent is cleared, the leftover part of the colon breakdowns.
⦁ Strangulation of hernia.
⦁ Intestinal attachments because of past stomach medical procedures.
⦁ Volvulus (Intestinal turning).
⦁ Intussusception of the digestive tract (a segment of the digestive tract covering the other part).
⦁ Obstruction of the digestive system because of the quality of the unfamiliar body.
⦁ Polyps and ulcerative colitis
Symptoms of Collapsing of Colon
Collapsing of the colon can produce several symptoms like constipation, nausea, and severe cramps development in the abdomen. Many of these symptoms are highly similar to those produced by an intestinal blockage, mainly because it’s often the root cause of the colon’s collapsing. A really common symptom of collapsing of the colon is absolute constipation, which develops due to the blockage.
However, a collapsed colon can cause several other symptoms. The following are some of them:
⦁ Severe cramps in the abdominal area: Intestinal blockage, collapsing of the colon itself, or any other problems caused by this issue are likely to cause symptoms like the development of cramps in the abdomen or the area surrounding it. These cramps will usually be severe in nature or intensity.
⦁ Vomiting or nausea: Vomiting or nausea may also be often experienced due to the collapsing colony. Collapsing will most likely produce several digestive issues. The blockage will usually push any material back, so you will likely experience nausea and vomiting due to this condition.
⦁ The abdomen’s tenderness: As this issue develops, the abdomen begins to become more and more tender. This is due to the issues caused by normal digestive activity by the collapse of the colon.
⦁ Loss of appetite: The collapsing of the colon, or the blockage that has caused it, prevents the passage of food through the large intestine and causes several other problems that can cause the loss of appetite in people experiencing this issue. A collapsed colon often results in a major loss of appetite.
⦁ Distension of abdomen: Distension of the abdomen can also usually occur due to the collapsing of the colon. Any consumed food material cannot pass through the large intestine, which is why it starts accumulating in as well as distending the abdomen.
⦁ Fever: Occurrence of fever is a symptom that’s common to some different health issues but can also occur as a symptom of collapsing of the colon.
The diagnosis of collapsing of the colon involves studying its symptoms and several radioactive scans like X-ray or CT scans. These scans are performed to check for any distortions or dilations that may have been produced by a blockage in the small intestine. Any biological factors that may contribute to the collapsing of the colon or intestinal blockages are inquired about and checked for diagnostic purposes. The patient is inquired about any factors or activities that may have contributed to or caused a blockage, such as swallowing an indigestible object, presence of a hernia, any tumors, etc.
Treatment of This Condition
Because collapsing of the colon is a result of an intestinal blockage, the primary attempt is to treat the collapsed colon by eliminating this blockage. If it’s a biological cause, the appropriate treatment necessary to eliminate the issue is provided.
However, the nature of treatment still depends on the nature of the causing factor. The primary approach is conservative and usually involves providing the patient with necessary nutrition intravenously to prevent dehydration and allow the obstruction to be relieved.
However, in certain cases, the treatment can be surgical. The obstruction is fixed or removed by performing surgery. Often after the obstruction’s successful removal, a part of the small intestine can be surgically removed and have two healthy ends reconnected to prevent the reoccurrence of this issue.