The cost of domestic violence to the US economy is more than $8.3 billion.
This cost includes medical care, mental health services, and lost
productivity (e.g., time away from work).
( Max W, Rice DP, Finkelstein E,
Bardwell RA, Leadbetter S. The economic toll of intimate partner violence
against women in the United States. Violence and Victims 2004;19(3):259-72.)
A study released by the US Centers for Disease Control in October 2005 found that health care costs associated with each incident of domestic violence were $948 in cases where women were the victims and $387 in cases where men were the victims. The study also found that domestic violence against women results in more emergency room visits and inpatient hospitalizations, including greater use of physician services than domestic violence where men are the victims.
CDC researchers determined healthcare costs by looking at mental health services; the use of medical services such as emergency departments, inpatient hospitals, and physician services; and losses in productivity such as time off from work, childcare or household duties because of injuries. The average medical cost for women victimized by physical domestic violence was $483 compared to $83 for men; mental health services costs for women was $207 compared to $80 for men; while productivity losses were similar at $257 for women and $224 for men.
The annual cost of lost productivity due to domestic violence is estimated as $727.8 million with over 7.9 million paid workdays lost per year.
(Costs of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States, 2003. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. )
A study that examined 1997 - 2002 medical records of several groups of adult female patients of an HMO in Seattle found that women who are victims of physical or sexual domestic violence visit their doctors more often than other women. Annual health-care costs were significantly higher for the women who were victims of domestic violence. Their health-care costs averaged more than $5,000 per year, compared to about $3,400 for those in the second group and $2,400 for those in the third group.
(Ulrich YC, Cain KC, Sugg NK, Rivara FP, Rubanowice DM, Thompson RS. Medical care utilization patterns in women with diagnosed domestic violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2003; 24(1): 9-15.)
The health-related costs of rape, physical assault, stalking, and homicide by intimate partners exceed $5.8 billion each year. Of this total, nearly $4.1 billion are for direct medical and mental health care services and productivity losses account for nearly $1.8 billion, according to a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
(Costs of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States, US Centers for Disease Control. Report released April 28, 2003)
The NACVCB reports that 28 percent of adults receiving crime victim compensation benefits in 2001 were domestic violence victims.
(National Association of Crime Victim Compensation Boards [NACVCB].2002. "Compensation at Record Highs." Victim Compensation Quarterly. (3).)
In 2000, 36 percent of rape and sexual assault victims lost more than 10 days of work after their victimization.
(Bureau of Justice Statistics [BJS]. August 2002. National Crime Victimization Survey: Personal and Property Crimes, 2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.)
The direct cost of medical treatment for battered women annually is estimated at $1.8 billion.
(Wisner, C., Gilmer, T., Saltman, L., Zink, T. "Intimate partner violence against women: do victims cost health plans more?" Journal of Family Practice, 1999: 48.)
A study conducted at a large health plan in Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1994, found that an annual difference of $1,775 more was spent on abused women who utilized hospital services than on a random sample of general enrollees. The study concluded that early identification and treatment of victims and potential victims are most likely to benefit health care systems in the long run.
(Wisner, C., Gilmer, T., Saltzman, L. & Zink, T. 1999. The Journal of Family Practice.)
The National Institute of Justice found that the aggregate annual cost to victims of domestic violence is about $8.8 billion, or $67 billion when pain,suffering, and lost quality of life is included.
(Lawrence A. Greenfield et al., US Department of Justice, Violence by Intimates: Analysis of Data on Crimes by Current or Former Spouses, Boyfriends, and Girlfriends, March 1998)
A study conducted at Rush Medical Center in Chicago found that the average charge for medical services provided to abused women, children and older people was $1,633 per person per year. This would amount to a national annual cost of $857.3 million.
(Meyer, H. The Billion Dollar Epidemic. American Medical News, January 6, 1992.)
Experts indicate that intimate partner violence costs US businesses an estimated $3 to $5 billion annually in lost time and productivity.
(Violence and Stress: The Work/Family Connection. Washington, DC: Bureau of National Affairs; August 1990. Special Report Number 23)