Nobody knows more about the impact of partner violence on the workplace - and how businesses should address it.
Enter Member Center Password
General Statistics
In February of 2008, the CDC released the most comprehensive US survey regarding intimate partner violence. CDC researchers asked adult participants in the 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey if they would answer questions about intimate-partner violence. More than 70,000 Americans -- just over half those asked -- agreed.

The results:
  • 23.6% of women and 11.5% of men reported at least one lifetime episode of intimate-partner violence.
  • In households with incomes under $15,000 per year, 35.5% of women and 20.7% of men suffered violence from an intimate partner.
  • 43% of women and 26% of men in multiracial non-Hispanic households suffered partner violence.
  • 39% of women and 18.6% of men in American Indian/Alaska Native households suffered partner violence.
  • 26.8% of women and 15.5% of men in white non-Hispanic households suffered partner violence.
  • 29.2% of women and 23.3% of men in black non-Hispanic households suffered partner violence.
  • 20.5% of women and 15.5% of men in Hispanic households suffered partner violence.
(Source: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, February 8, 2008 Issue)
The cost of domestic violence to the US economy is more than $8.3 billion. This cost includes medical care, mental health services, and lost productivity (e.g., time away from work).

( Max W, Rice DP, Finkelstein E, Bardwell RA, Leadbetter S. The economic toll of intimate partner violence against women in the United States. Violence and Victims 2004;19(3):259-72.)
Workplace homicides dropped to a new low of 517 in 2008, while workplace suicides increased to their highest recorded level of 251 cases.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics’ (BLS) reports that there were 5,071 fatal work injuries in the United States in 2008, down from 5,657 in 2007. Based on these preliminary counts, the rate of fatal injury for U.S. workers in 2008 was 3.6 per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers, down from 4.0 in 2007.

Key findings from BLS are:
  • Fatal work injuries in the private construction sector declined by 20 percent.
  • Fatal workplace falls, which had risen to a series high in 2007, also declined by 20 percent in 2008.
  • Workplace suicides were up 28 percent to a series high of 251 cases in 2008, but workplace homicides declined 18 percent in 2008.
  • The number and rate of fatal work injuries among 16 to 17 year-old workers were higher in 2008
  • Fatal occupational injuries involving Hispanic or Latino workers in 2008 were 17 percent lower than in 2007.
  • Fatalities among non-Hispanic Black or African American workers were down 16 percent.
  • The number of fatal workplace injuries in farming, fishing, and forestry occupations rose 6 percent in 2008 after declining in 2007.
  • Transportation incidents, which accounted for approximately two-fifths of all the workplace fatalities in 2008, fell 13 percent from the previous series low of 2,351 cases reported in 2007.
(Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, 2008)
The most comprehensive study of its kind, released in 2007, found that violence costs the United States $70 billion annually.

Sixty-eight percent of the costs from assaults and 63 percent of the costs from self-inflicted injuries were in males aged 15 to 44. Other findings from the study include:
  • Most of the $70 billion in costs associated with violence were from lost productivity ($64.4 billion), with the remaining $5.6 billion spent on medical care.
  • Americans suffer 2.2 million medically treated injuries due to interpersonal violence annually, at a cost of $37 billion ($33 billion in productivity losses, $4 billion in medical treatment).
  • The cost of self-inflicted injuries (suicide and attempted suicide) is $33 billion annually ($32 billion in productivity losses, $1 billion in medical costs).
  • People aged 15 to 44 years comprise 44 percent of the population, but account for nearly 75 percent of injuries and 83 percent of costs due to interpersonal violence.
  • The nearly 17,000 annual homicides result in $22.1 billion in costs. The average cost per homicide was $1.3 million in lost productivity and $4,906 in medical costs.
  • The average cost per case for a non-fatal assault was $57,209 in lost productivity and $23,353 in medical costs.
  • The average cost per case of suicide is $1 million in lost productivity and $2,596 in medical costs. The average cost for a non-fatal self inflicted injury was $9,726 in lost productivity and $7,234 in medical costs.
(Corso PS, Mercy JA, Simon TR, Finkelstein EA, & Miller TR. Medical Costs and Productivity Losses Due to Interpersonal Violence and Self- Directed Violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2007: 32(6): 474-482.)
While working or on duty, U.S. residents experienced 1.7 million violent victimizations annually from 1993 to 1999 including 1.3 million simple assaults, 325,000 aggravated assaults, 36,500 rapes and sexual assaults, 70,000 robberies, and 900 homicides. Workplace violence accounted for 18% of all violent crime between 1993 to 1999.

(Bureau of Justice Statistics Crime Characteristics 2005,, page last updated December 19, 2007)
In a report released in July, 2000, the Justice Department and Centers for Disease Control found that nearly 25 percent of women, and about seven percent of men say they have been raped or assaulted by a current or former partner.

The survey of a nationally representative sample of 8,000 men and 8,000 women found that 1.5 percent of women and 0.9 percent of men were raped or physically assaulted by their partner in the last twelve months. According to the estimates, approximately 1.5 million American women and over 800,000 men are raped or assaulted by an intimate partner annually.
The health-related costs of rape, physical assault, stalking, and homicide by intimate partners exceed $5.8 billion each year. Of this total, nearly $4.1 billion are for direct medical and mental health care services and productivity losses account for nearly $1.8 billion, according to a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

(Costs of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States, US Centers for Disease Control. Report released April 28, 2003)
The rates of intimate partner violence "differ greatly" depending on the age of the victim, according to a November 2001 report issued by the US Department of Justice's Bureau of Justice Statistics. Women between the ages of 16 and 24 are nearly three times more vulnerable to intimate partner violence (excluding intimate partner homicide) than women in other age groups. In 1999, the overall rate of intimate partner violence against women was 5.8 victimizations per 1,000 women, but the rate was 15.6 per 1,000 women for those aged 16 to 24.
In a statewide survey of Texans released in February 2003, 74 percent say they, a relative, a friend or a co-worker have experienced some form of physical, sexual or verbal domestic violence. 31% of Texans surveyed reported they had been severely abused at some point. The survey also indicated 26 percent of Texans have been physically abused — hit, slapped, pushed or choked — by a spouse or partner.

(Saurage Research Inc. of Houston randomly surveyed 1,200 Texans in August of 2002. The survey has a margin of error of plus or minus 2.8 percentage points.)
A total of 1,687 women and men were killed by an intimate partner in 2000. 1,247 of those were women, and 440 were men.

(Intimate Partner Violence, 1993 - 2001. Bureau of Justice Statistics Crime Data Brief, February 2003, NCJ 197838)
Intimate partner violence made up 20% of violent crime against women in 2001. Intimate partners committed 3% of the non-fatal violence against men.

(Intimate Partner Violence, 1993 - 2001. Bureau of Justice Statistics Crime Data Brief, February 2003, NCJ 197838)
A UCLA School of Public Health survey released in February 2003 estimates that nearly 11 million adult Californians - 45.5 percent of the state's adult population - personally know a victim of domestic violence. Of that total, 86.5 percent reported knowing a victim who incurred physical harm, and only 18.3 percent of the injured victims sought medical care.

A total of 3,713 California adults (including similar numbers of whites, blacks, Hispanics, Korean Americans, Vietnamese Americans and other Asian Americans) completed the random telephone survey between April 2000 and March 2001, a response rate of 50.5 percent. Respondents were asked whether a friend, relative or co-workers had been threatened or harmed by an intimate partner.

Among other survey findings:
  • 40.5 percent of respondents know a woman victim of domestic violence and 5 percent know a man.
  • Men were less likely to know a victim of domestic violence and less likely to have specific information about the violence.
  • Ethnic distinctions were few. Blacks were more likely than whites to report knowing a victim of domestic violence while the abuse was happening, and to know that police were called to intervene. In contrast, Vietnamese and "other Asian Americans" were less likely to know a domestic-violence victim.
  • Retired individuals were less likely than full-time workers to know a victim of domestic violence, to identify someone close to them as a victim and to know of police being called to intervene.
  • The odds of knowing a domestic-violence victim or certain characteristics of the violence were unrelated to place of residence (farm or small town, suburb or city).
(Source: UCLA News, February 19,2003)
Over one-third (35.6 percent) of all intimate partner violence occurred in the presence of a third party.

(Planty, M. 2002. Third-Party Involvement in Violent Crime, 1993-99. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice.)
Three in 10 college women who have been stalked believe that they are psychologically and emotionally injured by the victimization.

(National Institute of Justice. 2000. The Sexual Victimization of College Women. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.)
According to estimates from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), there were 691,710 nonfatal violent victimizations committed by current or former spouses, boyfriends, or girlfriends of the victims during 2001. Such crimes -- intimate partner violence -- primarily involve female victims. About 588,490, or 85% of victimizations by intimate partners in 2001 were against women.

(Intimate Partner Violence, 1993 - 2001. Bureau of Justice Statistics Crime Data Brief, February 2003, NCJ 197838)
One in three people treated in emergency departments in Wales for assault injuries is the victim of domestic violence, new research has revealed. The research, carried out by the University of Glamorgan also found that 75% of the victims of domestic violence treated at the emergency room were female, and 25% were male. The research also discovered that in a fifth of all domestic violence attacks seen at Prince Charles Hospital, children were present. The main perpetrators of domestic violence in cases involving women were partners or ex-partners; in attacks on men, other family members were found to be largely responsible.

(Source: Western Mail, Wales UK, 11-5-04.)
A study in the August 1, 2001 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (Volume 286, No. 5, pages 572-579) entitled Dating Violence Against Adolescent Girls and Associated Substance Use, Unhealthy Weight Control, Sexual Risk Behavior, Pregnancy, and Suicidality found that approximately 1 in 5 female students (9th through 12th grade) reported being physically and/or sexually abused by a dating partner.

The study also found that dating violence against adolescent girls is associated with increased risk of substance abuse, unhealthy weight control behavior, sexual risk behaviors, pregnancy, and attempted suicide. The study concluded that not only is dating violence extremely prevalent among teens, but that girls who experience dating violence are more likely to exhibit other serious health risk behaviors.
l out of every 5 couples experienced domestic violence in the past year.

(American Journal of Public Health 1998;88: 1702–1704)
More than half (56%) of Americans say they have at least one friend, relative, or co-worker whom they know has been involved in domestic violence—either a woman who has been a victim or a man whom they feel is guilty of it.

(Liz Claiborne, Inc., “Attitudes and Beliefs About Domestic Violence Against Women,” A Women's Work Survey, 1997)
The Australian Bureau of Statistics' 1996 Women's Safety Survey had found that nearly one quarter of Australian women who have been married or in a de facto relationship have experienced domestic violence. Only 19 per cent of these incidents were reported to police.

(Australian Bureau of Statistics. 1996. Women's Safety Survey. Canberra. Catalogue No. 4128.0.)

[ Back to Fact & Stats ]
Donate to CAEPV